An Introduction To Modern Web Development

The Modern Web
REVIEW: The Modern Web
(Peter Gasston, No Starch Press)

The Modern Web
by Peter Gasston is a series of quick, concise summaries of new and upcoming features that are part of the HTML5 standard, as well as several new browser features like CSS3 that are often lumped in wth HTML5 (a shortcut I will use for this review in the interests of brevity.) The book opens with a review of the basics of the HTML 5 spec; there’s nothing new here for an experienced HTML 5 developer, but it’s an excellent introduction for a new web developer or one who can (and still is) writing the 4.01 DTDs from memory.

From there, the book breaks the components of HTML 5 into several general topics, such as document structure, CSS3, and the new HTML 5 APis, and talks about the new features of each, as well as discussing the competing standards where they exist. While the author certainly doesn’t hold back from expressing his opinion, particularly when there are competing standards, he’s very diligent about separating technical information from his views.

The book’s mosts useful sections are probably the chapters that deal with the mobile web; chapters on device-responsive CSS design, accessing device apis like battery status, vibration, and camera functions, and a quick review of the different strategies behind developing applications for mobile devices will give any developer the basic knowledge necessary to start making decisions and writing code.

Structurally, each chapter of the book is self contained, with a quick introduction to the topic, details about the feature, a summary, and resources for further reading and links to related content. It’s formulaic, and the introduction and summary blocks get awfully repetitive (and so the summary feels like padding) but it also means you’re not flipping through the book when you need some quick information on a given topic. While a book like this is often out of date before it even reaches the printers, much less by the time it reaches readers, Gasston has done a good job of discussing the main paths that future development could take, which should increase its shelf life as a useful book. If you’re looking to get started in modern web development, The Modern Web is a great book to read.
I review for the O'Reilly Blogger Review Program

How To Think Like A (C++) Programmer

REVIEW: Think Like A Programmer
(V. Anton Spraul, No Starch Press)

Is it possible to “spoil” a technical book?  Well, if so, here’s your spoiler warning.

The most important lesson from “Think Like A Programmer” is simply this: “when faced with a problem you are unable to solve, you reduce the scope of the problem, by either adding or removing constraints, to produce a problem that you do know how to solve.”  It’s a simple concept that should be engraved on every surface a beginning programmer sees. Learning to do that is possibly the most important part of turning technical knowledge of a programming language into the ability to solve problems with that knowledge.  Every problem can be broken down into smaller pieces, and eventually you’ll get to a point where the problems are simple enough that you can solve them yourself or quickly look up a solution, and then start bolting those solutions together until you have a passable solution to the original problem.  (It may not be the most efficient or bug free code, but writing code is like all other types of writing in one fundamental respect: write something, even if it sucks. You can improve it later, but having a first approximation is the most important part of a project.)

The above quote comes from the first chapter of the book, which focuses on problem solving methodologies rather than actual code.  This was the most useful part of the book for me, not just because it laid out several simple strategies for attacking programming problems, but because it was language agnostic.  The rest of the book, unfortunately, isn’t.

The programming examples in the book are all done in C++, and while they’re usually simple enough that anyone with a basic understanding of modern object oriented programming can follow the examples in the book, being able to attack the problems in that language is a completely different matter.  I was often able to approximate the exercises in languages I am more familiar with, but in doing so, I didn’t always end up solving the same problems that the exercise was supposed to cover.

As a programmer who works mostly with web projects, I would have liked to see more variety in the languages used; it would have only added a few pages to provide code examples in javascript or python or java, in addition to C++. Only a small portion of the book deals with issues that are specific to C++.  But given Spraul’s apparent belief that “real programmers” only use C++ (he writes in the introduction that “C++ is the real deal—it’s programming without training wheels”) such a change seems unlikely.

I review for the O'Reilly Blogger Review Program

Regardless, the book is still worth a read for programmers looking to break that barrier from having learned about programming to actually being able to program something (and probably hugely useful to programmers looking to make that jump in C++), and the first chapter should be required reading for every introductory programming course.  You can buy the book from O’Reilly (and if you sign up for an account on their site first, you can get this book as part of their buy one ebook get one free offer.)

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